Professor David Jacoby, review of Byzantium and the Crusades, review no. The approaching th anniversary of that event has generated renewed interest in the background, context and impact of that crusade, expressed in several new studies and in conferences. The initial goal of the Fourth Crusade was the re-establishment of Christian rule over Jerusalem, lost to Sultan Saladin of Egypt in Instead, it ended with the capture of the capital of a Christian state that had withstood all previous sieges and assaults.
Summary Christmas, of course, is to honor the birth of a humble itinerant rabbi from the ancient world. Emperors and governors have come and gone, but it is this man Jesus whose birth we still celebrate years later.
We hope everyone can enjoy this account in the delightful spirit of Christmas. Even most non-Christians at least respect Jesus as a great moral teacher. In addition, few would argue that this one man has had more impact on the world than any person in history.
Putting aside the supernatural, let's examine how the person of Jesus impacted the course of history. Most of the following material is from these books: So extensive is the Christian contribution to our laws, our economics, our politics, our arts, our calendar, our holidays, and our moral and cultural priorities that historian J.
Robers writes in The Triumph of the West, 'We could none of us today be what we are if a handful of Jews nearly two thousand years ago had not believed that they had known a great teacher, seen him crucified, dead, and buried, and then rise again.
The concept of universal human rights and equality comes exclusively from the biblical idea that all people are created in the image of God. In ancient cultures, a wife was the property of her husband. Aristotle said that a woman was somewhere between a free man and a slave.
According to the book Reasons for God by Tim Keller page"It was extremely common in the Greco-Roman world to throw out new female infants to die from exposure, because of the low status of women in society. The church forbade its members to do so. Greco-Roman society saw no value in an unmarried woman, and therefore it was illegal for a widow to go more than two years without remarrying.
But Christianity was the first religion to not force widows to marry. They were supported financially and honored within the community so that they were not under great pressure to remarry if they didn't want to. Pagan widows lost all control of their husband's estate when they remarried, but the church allowed widows to maintain their husband's estate.
Finally, Christians did not believe in cohabitation. If a Christian man wanted to live with a woman he had to marry her, and this gave women far greater security. Also, the pagan double standard of allowing married men to have extramarital sex and mistresses was forbidden.
In all these ways Christian women enjoyed far greater security and equality than did women in the surrounding culture. Christian missionaries were a major influence in stopping these century-old practices and ideas.The Blog of Scott Aaronson If you take just one piece of information from this blog: Quantum computers would not solve hard search problems instantaneously by simply trying all the possible solutions at once.
From the time of Mohammed, the means of Muslim expansion was always the sword. Muslim thought divides the world into two spheres, the Abode of Islam and the Abode of War.
Christianity — and for that matter any other non-Muslim religion — has no abode.
Christians and Jews can be tolerated within a Muslim state under Muslim rule. Most Christians seem to take the fact of the Crusades at face value and see it as a historical event (and something to avoid).
Since these events aren't preached upon or taught in churches, it seems that there is minimal impact on modern Christianity, except for possibly the preclusivity of mounting another Crusade/holy war from a Christian . The positive impacts on the Christians during the crusades is that monarchs grew more and more powerful as nobles and knights left their homes to fight in the middle east, and they learned about new food from different countries and other kinds of goods that are traditional to them.
"I know that there are some Jews in the English colonies. These marranos go wherever there is money to be made But whether these circumcised who sell old clothes claim that they are of the tribe of Naphtali or Issachar is not of the slightest importance.
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